Monday, June 19, 2017

Contents of Indika

Contents of Indika:
  • Economy. Gold, silver, copper and iron are abundant on Indian soil. Besides, tin and other metals are used for making a number of tools, weapons, ornaments, and other articles. No famines have ever occurred in India because of the following reasons:

1.     The Indians are always assured of at least one of the two seasonal crops.
2.     There are a number of spontaneously growing fruits and edible roots available.
3.     The Indian warriors regard those engaged in agriculture and animal husbandry as sacred. Unlike the warriors in other countries, they do not ravage farms during war conquests. Moreover, the warring sides never destroy the enemy land with fire or cut down its trees.
  • Society. The population of India is divided into 7 endogamous and hereditary castes:

1.     Philosophers- Believed to be most dear to the gods, and to be the most conversant with matters pertaining to Hades. At the beginning of the year, they make prophecies about droughts, rain storms, propitious winds, diseases and other topics. Based on these prophecies, the citizens and the rulers make adequate preparations. A philosopher whose prophecy fails receives strong criticism and has to observe silence for the rest of his life, but otherwise incurs no penalty.
2.     Farmers- Most numerous of all castes. Live in villages and protected from damage during wars, even by enemy warriors.
3.     Herders- Live in tents, outside villages and towns. Hunt and trap crop-destroying birds and animals
4.     Artisans- Exempted from paying taxes, and receive a maintenance from the state exchequer
5.     Military- Maintained at state expense, along with war horses and elephants
6.     Overseers
7.     Councillors and Assessors- Composed of wise people with good character
  • Administration. The foreigners are treated well. Special officers are appointed to ensure that no foreigner was harmed, and judges handed out harsh punishment to those who took unfair advantage of the foreigners.