Saturday, April 28, 2018

Friday, April 27, 2018

Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP).


It was launched in 2009-10 by the integration of various area development programmes of the Department of Land Resources, including the Drought Prone Areas Programme (DPAP), the Desert Development Programme (DDP) and the Integrated Wastelands Development Programme (IWDP).

  • Cost sharing ratio of Central Government: State Government  90 : 10
  • 9% of the project cost is earmarked for development of livelihoods for asset-less people
  • 10% of the project cost is for productivity enhancement and development of micro-enterprises for small & marginal farmers.
  • An average size of project under the IWMP is about 5,000 ha which is cluster of micro-watersheds.
  • A portion of institution &capacity building (5% of the total project cost) has been provided to set up institutional mechanism at State, District, Project and Village levels and to build capacities of stakeholders.
  • In the IWMP, Gram Panchayat has been effectively involved to perform important function at Village/Watershed level to keep transparency and people’s participations.  

Har Khet ko Pani Prime Minister Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY).

PMKSY has been formulated with the vision of extending the coverage of irrigation ‘Har Khet ko pani’ and improving water use efficiency ‘More crop per drop' in a focused manner with end to end solution on source creation, distribution, management, field application and extension activities.

Objective: The major objective of PMKSY is to achieve convergence of investments in irrigation at the field level, expand cultivable area under assured irrigation, improve on-farm water use efficiency to reduce wastage of water, enhance the adoption of precision-irrigation and other water saving technologies (More crop per drop), enhance recharge of aquifers and introduce sustainable water conservation practices by exploring the feasibility of reusing treated municipal waste water for peri-urban agriculture and attract greater private investment in precision irrigation system.

The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) approved Pradhan Mantri Krishi Sinchayee Yojana (PMKSY) in its meeting held in 2015.
PMKSY has been formulated amalgamating ongoing schemes:
  1. Accelerated Irrigation Benefit Programme (AIBP) of the Ministry of Water Resources, River Development & Ganga Rejuvenation (MoWR,RD&GR),
  2. Integrated Watershed Management Programme (IWMP) of Department of Land Resources (DoLR); and
  3. The On Farm Water Management (OFWM) of Department of Agriculture and Cooperation (DAC).